Student life is full of extreme and stressful situations, so Ph.D. learners often experience stress. The vast majority of young people have mental problems due to a large amount of information, the lack of systematic work, and, as a rule, tension during the exams and tests.

THE CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF STRESS

Presence of such stress’ consequences may be a neurosis, i.e., a functional disease of the nervous system. The nervous system suffers; first of all, its resources are exhausted forcing the organism to work at the limit. What is the loosening of the nervous system, leading it to breakdown and the onset of the disease? It is generally believed that neurosis occurs when a person is in a condition of emotional tension. Neurosis is not a disease, but a kind of normal personality reactions in unusual stressful conditions. The period of studying has a significant impact on the formation of the personality, so the problem of mental health of Ph.D. students is very relevant.

HOW TO AVOID MENTAL PROBLEMS

The problem of stress is complex and multifaceted. Its process must be regulated. This is the task of the learners, their teachers, social educators, and psychologists. Perhaps, the ways to solve it lie in the professional motivation of students and the introduction of the basics of a healthy lifestyle, training courses, and health-saving technologies into the learning process.

The intensity and tension of modern life provoke the emergence of negative emotional experiences at the psychological level that can lead to the formation of pronounced and prolonged depressing conditions.

Stress is not a supernatural phenomenon, but rather a reaction to accumulated problems, to an endless process of dealing with everyday difficulties. It can be caused by factors related to the work and activities of the organization or events in the personal life.

These things can affect the mental condition of Ph.D. students:

  • lack of sleep;

  • insufficient knowledge of the subject;

  • overload or too little workload of the student, i.e., task, which should be completed within limited time;

  • role conflicts. It can arise as a result of the differences between the norms of the informal group and the requirements of a formal organization (professor). In this situation, the student can feel the tension and anxiety, because he or she wants to be accepted by the group on the one hand, and to comply with the teacher's requirements on the other;

  • lack of interest in the subject or the work offered to the student;

  • poor physical conditions (deviation in room temperature, poor lighting, excessive noise, etc.).

It is also not necessary to discount personal factors, such as illness of a family member, changing the number of friends, conflicts with classmates and close people, relocation, significant personal achievements, changes in financial position, and other factors.

METHODS OF IMPROVING THE PSYCHOLOGICAL CONDITION OF STUDENTS

  • There are many methods to combat stress.

  • Managing time is no less important than controlling stress. This is probably the most crucial and fundamental attitude necessary to overcome tension.

  • Protect yourself from stressful situations; you can resort to the imagination. It is often used for mental relaxation.

  • Short walks in the fresh air.

  • Visiting cultural and entertaining institutions (theater, museum, exhibition, cinema, etc.)

  • Communication with friends or other pleasant company.

  • Laughter is a good cure for stress. It trains many muscles, relieves a headache, lowers blood pressure, normalizes breathing and sleep. In this case, the blood receives the so-called anti-stress hormones. During stress, the body also produces hormones, only stressful: adrenaline and cortisol.

  • Doing sports (jogging, swimming, sports games, etc.). Any exercise exposes hormones of stress.

  • There are a number of exercises to combat tension, such as relaxation (autoregulation breathing exercises, muscle relaxation, yoga), concentrating exercises, which can be performed wherever and whenever during the day, and anti-stress respiratory exercises.

Therefore, tension and some other mental problems are an integral part of Ph.D. student's everyday life. However, it is worth remembering that excessive excitement and a busy pace of life can lead to serious psychological and mental problems. Professors need to disseminate information about the dangers of stress and depression and support the promotion of a healthy lifestyle in college.