Health is a factor performance of which cannot be ignored or left in the wrong hands. In addition, community health demands close attention, expertise and professional experience in order to be well handled. Therefore, the effectiveness of social health is affected by a variety of determinants depending on the area of concern. London Borough of Croydon is an area in the southern part of London that has the highest population level in the country. According to 2001census results the population was 269, 100 persons. However, by 2005 the population level rose to 342, 700. With the high population, the authorities could only manage to provide health services to three quarters of the whole population. This implies that a quarter of the whole population could not access quality health services and thus, the death rate in the country increased. Insufficient health and social care in Croydon can be owed to a number of factors such as poverty, lack of expertise and experience of health officers, unequal distribution of health resources in the area and unemployment. Statistics show that diseases such as eye problems and mental problems due to poor health constantly affect both adults and children. For instance, the statistics show that in 2011, 28.05% of the whole population only consisted of young people. The statistics also show that it is this population that was constantly affected by social problems such as teenage pregnancies, child obesity and high infant mortality. This was owed to the fact that adolescents in the area were vulnerable to mental torture yet there were only a few mental physicians to help in the treatment (World Bank, 1999, 30).
Poverty is a social factor that significantly affects health of the community of London Borough of Croydon (Holosko & Feit, 1997, 43). Statistics show that the level of poverty is increased due to the high birth rate in the district. Approximately, over 5000 children are born in the area each year; moreover, most parents in Croydon are single. Yet, with all these children, the statistics also indicate that one out of every four children lives in poverty. Although some residents assert that Croydon is a wealthy area, large number of slums in its northern part indicates that poverty is rampant in some areas. In addition, London Borough of Croydon has been ranked at number 125 out of 354 of the most deprived areas in London. The differences in status in the area indicate that there are inequalities in health provision in the area. Poverty in the society is characterised by such factors as homelessness, lack of finances to satisfy basic needs and low quality of education (Kaler & Rennert, 2008, 32). Children born in poor families have no access to quality healthcare services and thus, they are likely to be infected with diseases such as malaria and typhoid. Poverty also affects the health care in the area since poor families cannot afford good food, shelter and even clothes. Thus, most people that come from these families suffer from diseases such as anemia, malnutrition and sinus disease. Poor people also have little education concerning health issues and thus they do not seek medical help when they fall sick. In addition, those who try to seek for help from health care provider obtain low quality medication and attention due to lack of finances. On the other hand, poverty in the community implies that the available health care facilities and dispensaries are not well equipped with the equipment required to provide quality health care. The available equipment are mostly old and poor technology is use since they are rarely replaced (Curtis, 2003, 11).
Poverty also causes stress and mental problems to people since they spend most of their time worrying about lack of food. Statistics show that adults that live in poverty are likely to develop cases of stress and psychological problems (United Nations, 2005, 32). Parents who have many children to feed yet poor are also likely to develop cases of high blood pressure or heart problems due to prolonged stress. Thus, poverty compromises health of people in the society. Poor people also lack money to live in hygienic conditions. For instance, if a poor person had some amount of money, it is logical to assume that he/she will spend money to buy food instead of building a pit latrine or buying a dustbin for disposing waste. This is because poor people do not consider some things as very essential. Thus, poor hygiene also promotes health problem in the society, thus people will be vulnerable to many diseases.
Study shows that an increase in the level of education in area increases the quality of health provided to people by 10%. On the other hand, low level of education increases the chances of developing heath problems. This is because lack of education makes people more vulnerable to many infections and diseases. For instance, if one individual in the community is suffering from a highly infectious disease, the disease will spread to the rest of the population very fast if people are not well educated (United Nations, 2005, 11). This is because people will not know the precautions to take in order to protect themselves from catching the disease. In addition, when people are uneducated they will not know what to do in a case of emergency. For instance, in case if an individual has been injured, poorly educated persons will not know the first aid skills to apply in order to save the person’s life before taking him or her to a hospital (WHO, 2013, 12).
When people in a society are educated, then it will imply that people have knowledge about how to conserve the environment. On the other hand, environmental conservation will imply that there will be increased waste disposal. This is because people will be familiar with information concerning the dangers of not using waste disposal. With a high level of education, people will have knowledge on how to dispose waste products, which, if poorly disposed, might lead to health problems. This also includes pollution. When a society is full of uneducated people, then the level of pollution is also likely to be high. This is because individuals will be aware of the harmful effects of pollution (United Nations, 2005, 11).
Societies where education levels are generally low are also likely to lack qualified and professional doctors to treat the sick. This is because poor education levels imply that very few people, if not none, pursue carriers in such areas as medicine or nursing. Therefore, with limited healthcare personnel, social health care will be definitely low since treatment will be poor. In Croydon, there are many poorly educated persons since the area is not well invested with educated facilities. The levels of pollution in Croydon, which is inhabited by uneducated people, are very high thus leading to high health risks. Therefore, the issue of low education level has also led to poor social and health care among people.
The level of employment in the society also greatly determines the level of social and health care among people (Engbersen, 2006, 17). This is because the amount of finances among people is determined by the employment level. When people are employed, it will imply that they have a reliable source of income that they can use to access health care services when they fall sick. Therefore, a society that is characterised by low employment level will have poor social and health care too. Individuals who are employed also seek services such as health insurance; they will be able to pay the required premiums. In addition, the society will only be able to afford health care facilities such as gymnastics and sports centers. Employment also provides individuals with an opportunity to increase and enlarge their knowledge on different issues concerning their health (Lewis, 2005, 22). On the other hand, unemployment is also a factor that reduces per capita income of the society. Thus, the overall growth rate in the society will fall. This is because the number of people contributing to the economy is few. Therefore, when the overall income of the society is low, the society will not be able to make valuable investments in the health sector. The health services of the society continue to be poor and unregulated. In addition, this can also be explained by the fact that, when there are more people employed in an economy, it will imply that there will be a high income tax. On the other hand, with high income tax revenue, the authorities will be able to update health services by either employing more doctors and nurses, or purchasing efficient healthcare equipment. London Borough of Croydon is an area with a significant number of unemployed people. Therefore, the amount of income revenue available to be used for development of health facilities is very low and insufficient. Therefore, this extensively contributes to poor social and health care (Lewis, 2005, 24).