There are a number of factors in geography that contribute to a conutry’s development. These factors affect every country, and America is not an exception. For America, one of them is climate. This factor favors production of crops since the cost of producing would be lower as compared to countries with large areas that have unfavorable climate (World Bank(WB), 2008). Many parts of this country have a temperate climate which favors the production of crops. In this way, it becomes cheaper for such a country to produce crops and animal products that can be used in the feeding of its population. Apart from this, America’s large parts of it lands have fertile soils.
Another important geographical factor for the development of a country is the resource availability which can be used in the production process (WB, 2008). Luckily for America, it has these resources in abundance from mineral ores to rivers that can be used to generate electricity and fish. Some of these resources are useful if sold. For example, oil and natural gas which are useful in the production of energy. Finally, there are a number of renewable resources which the American people have harnessed to enable them develop of their country.
These two geographical factors discussed above that are important in the development of America are justified over the others. They are justified since they cannot be created by man and offer a unique advantage to a country. First, they are both important for any form of production, be it of industries or for agriculture. Secondly, the availability of many natural resources saves it of any dependency on other countries. It also enables the country to earn valuable foreign exchange which is useful in balancing its exports and imports, thus much faster development of a country.
One important geographical factor in the development of a society is its location. Mesopotamia is one such society. It was located in the areas that rivers Tigris and Euphrates flows through. This location was advantageous to its residents who made use of water for various purposes. They used it in the watering of their crops and in the domestic undertakings. The area that Mesopotamia was located in also had soils that had enough fertility that could sustain the favorable growing of crops (Wilkinson, 2003). The location along the two rivers also facilitated some transport which was important as Mesopotamia lacked many a number of natural resources.
In justifying location as an important geographical factor in the development of a society such as Mesopotamia, it is important to mention the following; it was majorly the location of Mesopotamia that favored its development into the society that it became. First of all, the production of food was entirely dependent on the rivers from the production of food to the transport. These can attest to how important these natural drainage systems were to this society that had to import a large part of its natural resources from other societies. In addition to this, the river systems were not manmade and therefore unique to whichever place they existed such as Mesopotamia. The fertile soils were also important in facilitating production of crops.
There was a certain amount of diffusion on various aspects from the society in Mesopotamia to that in Egypt. For instance, the Egyptian society was influenced by the people of Mesopotamia in the making of the ancient glass. This later came to be identified majorly with them rather than the Mesopotamia. Another important aspect that originated from Mesopotamia to Egypt at the time was the art of building pyramids, which they did in a step like manner. The Mesopotamians had used a similar method to build their structures known as “ziggurats”. The people of Mesopotamia had another architectural influence on the Egyptian society by being the first to come up with the arch and column (Postgate, 1992). These are important aspects of construction which were later adapted by the Egyptians. There is also the culture of writing, which the people of Mesopotamia had used before the Egyptians although in a different language.
In terms of the influence of the people of Mesopotamia in the economic activities of the Egyptian society; the people of Mesopotamia irrigated their land so as to be able to produce crops such as barley which the Egyptians took up. The Mesopotamians also invented the wheel which formed the basis of many production activities in the Egyptian society and other societies too. For example, it became an important invention in grinding grains, irrigation, pottery and even transport. In religion, the society of Mesopotamia had a great influence on that of Egypt. For example, the Mesopotamians were the first to mould statues that represented their gods. This tradition diffused all the way to the society in Egypt who adopted this (Pollock, 1999). Another thing was that the people of Mesopotamia worshipped more than one god, whom they believed controlled important elements in the Universe. In the Egyptian society, they also worshipped more than one god whom they believed had influence on the different elements in the universe. Finally, in terms of religious diffusion from Mesopotamia to Egypt (this was an aspect of their culture), the Egyptians got the idea of worshipping in temples from the Mesopotamians.